Pope Innocent VIII (Latin: Innocentius Octavus; 1432 â July 25, 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cibo, was an Italian cleric of the Roman Catholic Church and the 214th Pope from 1484 until his death. Pope Innocent VIII’s Role in Persecution During the Inquisition. It is a fascinating study of the authors' misogyny and sexual frustration. It is stated that Pope Innocent VIII. This Act was repealed five years later. This would not just be a Catholic concern; Martin Luther, one of primary fathers of the Protestant Reformation, was every bit a believer in demons. Torquemada oversaw the murder of some 3,000 – 5,000 individuals, primarily Jews and Muslims.Â He also put his full support behind the Alhambra Decree, which forced the expulsion of Jews from Spain – ironic given his own Jewish ancestry. POPE INNOCENT VIII Summis Desiderantes -- The "Witch-Bull" Issued on Dec. 5th, 1484 "In Germany especially, the Inquisitors charged with the task found themselves hampered by skepticism. This text, published in 1487, would have … It will be readily understood from the foregoing that the importance attached by many older writers to the Bull, “Summis desiderantes affectibus”, of Pope Innocent VIII (1484), as though this papal document were responsible for the witch mania of the two succeeding centuries, is altogether illusory. Whatever exceptions he took with Catholic theology, witchcraft wasn’t one of them. Brskanje milions besede in besedne zveze v vseh jezikih. Kufuatia kuchapishwa kwa kitabu Nyundo ya Wachawi na agizo la Papa Innocent wa Nane, jitihada kubwa ya kuwasaka wachawi ilianza huko Ulaya. It’s from a Papal Bull calledÂ Summis Desiderantes Affectibus, issued by Pope Innocent VIII, at the request of the aforementioned Heinrich Kramer. Son of the viceroy of Naples, Battista spent his early years at the Neapolitan court. Now you might be tempted into thinking that Innocent was guileless, gullible, or merely a product of his times…. These remarks are included in Part 2, Chapter XV, which is entitled: “How they Raise and Stir up Hailstorms and Tempests, and Cause Lightning to Blast both Men and Beasts”: Both the papal letter appended to the work and the supposed endorsement of Cologne University for it are problematic. The letter of Innocent VIII is not an approval of the book to which it was appended, but rather a charge to inquisitors to investigate diabolical sorcery and a warning to those who might impede them in their duty, that is, a papal letter in the by then conventional tradition established by John XXII and other popes through Eugenius IV and Nicholas V (1447-55). Pope Innocent VIII and the witches Posted on July 25, 2013 The papal bull of Pope Innocent VIII known as Summis desiderantes (5 December 1484). Pope Innocent VIII, Summis desiderantes: The pope and the papal bull that allegedly began the serious witch hunts, and sanctioned the activities of the Hammer of Witches (in which it is usually included). For a copy of the primary source text, click here, or here, or here. in 1484 ``gave the sanction of the Church to the popular beliefs concerning witches.'' During what is known as the Little Ice Age, Innocent VIII, in his papal bull Summis desiderantes (5 December 1484) instigated severe measures against magicians and witches in Germany. Required fields are marked *. 1484: Pope Innocent VIII issued a papal bull "Summis desiderantes" on DEC-5 which promoted the tracking down, torturing and executing of Satan worshipers. Previous to his election, Innocent VII, like the other cardinals, had taken the oath to leave nothing undone, if needs be even to lay down the tiara, in order to terminate the schism. - Historum - History Forums. I 1473 ble han kardinal, med Santa Cecilia som tittelkirke.. Pope Innocent VIII (Latin: Innocentius VIII ; 1432 - 25 July 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was Pope from 29 August 1484 to his death in 1492. Summis desiderantes affectibus (English: Desiring with supreme ardor) was a papal bull issued by Pope Innocent VIII on December 5, 1484.. DESIRING with the most hearfelt anxiety, even as Our Apostleship requires, that the Catholic faith should especially in this Our day increase and flourish everywhere, and that all heretical depravity should be driven far from the frontiers and bournes of the Faithful, We very gladly proclaim and even restate … Innocent also had no problems with slavery. The authors of Malleus Maleficarum (“The Hammer of Witches”) were instructed by the ironically named Pope Innocent VIII to create a handbook for condemning accused witches. On the request of German inquisitor Heinrich Kramer, Innocent VIII issued the papal bull Summis desiderantes (5 December 1484), which supported Kramer’s investigations against magicians and witches: "It has recently come to our ears, not without great pain … This act, which had been requested by two German inquisitors of the Dominican Order, led to numerous trials â¦ and witchcraft. Persecuting Witches in Germany. On the request of German inquisitor Heinrich Kramer, Innocent VIII issued the papal bull Summis desiderantes (5 December 1484), which supported Kramer's investigations against magicians and witches. Its primary object was to safeguard the personal interests of the electors. In response to The Hammer of Witches and the papal bull issued by Pope Innocent VIII, major witch hunts broke out in Europe. Persecuting Witches in Germany. Using his influence to provide for [â¦] Innocent, Bishop, Servant of the servants of God, for an eternal remembrance. Now I’m not one to ever endorse the burning of books, But I suspect I could make an exception when it comes toÂ this one…, On that note, the Malleus can be found online atÂ http://www.malleusmaleficarum.org/. This Papal Bull, decreed by Pope Innocent VIII in 1484, addresses the presence of witchcraft in Germany and in other areas. The bull was written in response to the request of Dominican Inquisitor Heinrich Kramer for explicit authority to prosecute witchcraft in Germany, after he was refused assistance by the local ecclesiastical authorities. His descriptions were graphic, lurid and sexually obsessive. So how the Hell did this book come to be? The choice fell on Cibò himself who, in honour of his countryman, Innocent IV, assumed the name of Innocent VIII. Innocent VIII Pope r Last Updated on Sat, 05 Dec 2020 | Witchcraft And Wicca Giovanni Batista Cibo, elected pope in 1484, issued what has been termed one of the most important documents in the history of the Church's fight against witchcraft : the Bull of 1484, â¦ The decree explicitly declares that Heinrich Kramer and Jacob Sprenger have papal authority to lead inquisitorial procedures against suspected witches … On December 5, 1484, Pope Innocent VIII issued a papal bull, or document, that condemned witchcraft. add example. 1486-1487: Institoris (Heinrich Kraemer) and Jacob Sprenger published the Malleus Maleficarum (The Witches' Hammer). In 1484, Pope Innocent VIII issued a bull declaring that witches did indeed exist and thus it became a heresy to believe otherwise. His election was manipulated by Cardinal Giuliano della Rovere (later Pope Julius II), whose tool Innocent remained. The Bull is also printed in full at the head of the Malleus maleficarum. The Malleus MaleficarumÂ went on to become an international bestseller. A how-to manual on how to find and convict/exterminate witches and sorceresses, it’s been estimated that some 40,000-60,000 individuals, mostly women, suffered under the frenzy that this dark tome unleashed. Named bishop of Savona, Italy, in 1467 by Pope Paul II, he was made cardinal in 1473 by Pope Sixtus IV, whom he succeeded. In 1484, Pope Innocent VIII issued a bull declaring that witches did indeed exist, and thus it became a heresy to believe otherwise. Now, you might assume this is from the Malleus.Â It isn’t. Jan 13, 2016 - Pope Innocent VIII. Early years. On 5 December 1484, Pope Innocent VIII issued Summis desiderantes affectibus, a papal bull authorizing the systematic persecution of witches and magicians in Germany.. Given all of this, is Innocent’s Papal Bull concerning witchcraft, which was printed in the preface of the Malleus,Â really that surprising? Dozens of thousands of people, mainly women, were executed after being accused of witchcraft. In Rome he became a priest in the retinue of cardinal Calandnini, half-brother to Pope Nicholas V (1447â55). Issued by Pope Innocent VIII on this date in 1484, the papal bull (a written, legal order, so called because of the bulla, or lead seal, used to authenticate the document) known as Summis desiderantes affectibus recognized the existence of witches and witchcraft and extended papal authority for the pursuit, imprisonment, and "correction" of witches "according to their deserts." However, let it not be said that he was stingy. [trenger referanse] But Alexander VI was a Borgia before he was a pope, so his turn in the cassock was always going to be debauched.